The total profit of petroleum and chemical industr

2022-07-24
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In 2012, the total profit of the petroleum and chemical industry was 798billion

. In 2013, the whole industry should continue to implement the spirit of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China and the central economic work conference, adhere to seeking progress while maintaining stability, actively promote industrial restructuring, deeply implement innovation driven development, comprehensively promote the construction of ecological civilization, improve the quality and efficiency of economic operation, and maintain the steady and healthy development of the whole industry

I. Analysis of industry operation in 2012

(I) economic operation overcame downward pressure and gradually stabilized and recovered. In 2012, the added value of the petroleum and chemical industry increased by 8.29% year-on-year (the same below), of which the chemical industry increased by 12.1%; Enterprises above Designated Size in the whole industry achieved a cumulative main business income of 11.85 trillion yuan, an increase of 10.9%, including 7.08 trillion yuan in chemical industry, an increase of 12.7%; The number of employees was 6.8 million, an increase of 3.1%

the economic operation of the industry has shown an obvious trend of stabilization and recovery. According to the statistics of the petrochemical Federation, in the first seven months of 2012, the growth rate of the total output value of the industry continued to decline, reaching a minimum growth rate of 4.2% in July, and accelerating month by month after August. In November, new reinforcement materials such as inorganic whisker reinforced and carbon fiber reinforced Pa will become important varieties, with a year-on-year growth rate of 16.1%; In terms of quarterly output value, it increased by 16.1% in the first quarter, 9.5% in the second quarter, 7.4% in the third quarter and 15.3% in the fourth quarter

(II) the output of main products kept increasing, and the price of some products decreased significantly. In 2012, the total output of major chemicals reached 459 million tons, an increase of 8.0% year-on-year. Most products grew steadily, and the output of agrochemical products increased rapidly, which played a positive role in ensuring national food security. The annual output of crude oil was 207million tons, up 1.9%; The output of natural gas was 106.71 billion cubic meters, an increase of 6.7%; Crude oil processing volume reached 468million tons, up 3.7%; The processing volume of refined oil was 282million tons, an increase of 5.5%; Ethylene output was 14.868 million tons, an increase of -2.5%; Methanol output was 26.403 million tons, an increase of 15.1%; The output of pesticides (converted to 100%) and chemical fertilizers (converted to pure) reached 3.549 million tons and 74.324 million tons respectively, with a year-on-year increase of 19.0% and 10.9% respectively.

from the price trend of the whole year, the rise trend showed a trend of slowing down, but it was slow and stable. After entering the fourth quarter, the price showed signs of warming, but the market prices of some major varieties such as basic inorganic raw materials, organic chemical raw materials, synthetic resins and so on still fell significantly, and the prices of soda ash, calcium carbide, methanol, PVC, phosphate fertilizer and other products remained at historical lows for a long time

(III) further optimization of industrial structure and regional structure. In 2012, the output value of synthetic materials and organic chemical raw materials manufacturing accounted for 18.2% and 16.3% of the chemical industry respectively, with a year-on-year increase of 1.6 and 1.1 percentage points; The output of all steel radial tires exceeded 70million, and the radial rate reached 87.4%, an increase of 0.3 percentage points; Ionic membrane caustic soda accounted for 85.1% of caustic soda output, an increase of 4 percentage points

2012, the output value of Eastern, central and western regions increased by 11.7%, 11.8% and 14.4% respectively. The central and western regions grew rapidly, among which the output value of Ningxia, Guangxi and Inner Mongolia increased by 62%, 31.1% and 20% respectively; The proportion of output value in the central and western regions continued to rise, reaching 38.4%, an increase of 0.3 percentage points year-on-year

(IV) the investment maintained a rapid growth, and the enterprise benefits declined significantly. According to the statistics of the petrochemical Federation, in 2012, the fixed asset investment of the whole industry was 1.76 trillion yuan, an increase of 23.1%, 2.5 percentage points higher than the national growth rate, basically the same as that in 2011. Among them, the investment in technology intensive industries increased significantly, the investment in synthetic materials increased by 54.5%, and the investment in organic chemical raw materials increased by 60.1%, both far higher than the average investment growth of 27.9% in the chemical industry; The growth rate of private investment accelerated by 46.3%, accounting for 25.4% of the whole industry, 17 and 4 percentage points higher than that of the previous year respectively

in 2012, the total profit of the whole industry was RMB 798billion, a year-on-year decrease of 0.7%, of which chemical industry was RMB 384.89 billion, a year-on-year decrease of 4%. From the perspective of quarterly industrial benefits, the first quarter saw a year-on-year decrease of 15.0%, the second quarter saw a decrease of 15.8%, the third quarter narrowed to 5.5%, and the fourth quarter saw a positive growth of 25.6%. Among them, the oil refining industry made a profit of 360million yuan, which was profitable in December, reversing the loss situation for 16 consecutive months; The loss of synthetic fiber monomer was 530million yuan, with a profit of 12.42 billion yuan in the same period last year; The profits of the phosphate fertilizer industry decreased by 25%, the manufacturing of synthetic materials decreased by 25.4%, and the manufacturing of information chemicals decreased by 86.9%

(V) the foreign trade deficit expanded and the degree of dependence on foreign trade further increased. According to customs statistics, in 2012, the total import and export volume of the whole industry reached 637.594 billion US dollars, an increase of 5.1%, accounting for 16.5% of the national import and export trade. Among them, the total import volume was 464.01 billion US dollars, an increase of 6.7%; The total export volume was 173.59 billion US dollars, an increase of 0.8%; The accumulated deficit was US $290.42 billion, an increase of 10.6% year-on-year

among the imported products, oil and gas and chemical ore are still the main ones, and the dependence of oil and gas on foreign countries is further increased. In 2012, the imported crude oil reached 271million tons, a year-on-year increase of 7.3%, and the external dependence was 56.4%, a year-on-year increase of 1.3 percentage points; The imported natural gas was 40.77 billion cubic meters, an increase of 29.9%, and the external dependence was 26.2%, an increase of 4.2 percentage points; The import of chemical ores was 12.289 million tons, up 14.9 percent

among the export products, rubber products account for the largest proportion, accounting for 25.3% of the total export volume of the whole industry. The export value of rubber products was US $43.87 billion, a year-on-year increase of 7.2%, and the export of chemical fertilizers was 18.141 million tons (physical quantity), a decrease of 3.3%

(VI) main problems in industry operation. In 2012, although the economic operation of the industry achieved steady growth, the growth rate declined. The cost growth of the main business of the industry was 1.8 percentage points higher than the income growth of the main business, and the financial expenses increased by 40.8% year-on-year. The cost remained high and the economic benefit decreased greatly. The main reason is that the downward pressure on the economy has increased and the domestic and foreign demand has weakened; Weak independent innovation ability and lack of new investment growth points; Surplus industries are still expanding production capacity, and the market competition for homogeneous products is fierce. According to the statistics of professional associations, by the end of 2012, China had about 18million tons of excess urea capacity; The production capacity of phosphate fertilizer (converted into pure) exceeds the domestic demand by more than 10 million tons; The annual utilization rate of chlor alkali plant is about 70%, and that of PVC plant is about 60%; The operating rate of methanol unit is about 50%; The new capacity of calcium carbide industry is about 4million tons, far more than the capacity of 1.27 million tons eliminated in the whole year, and the utilization rate of devices is about 76%

II. Outlook for 2013

the international economic situation in 2013 is still complex and changeable, the low-speed growth trend of the world economy will continue, while the domestic market has great potential, the foundation of social productivity is strong, and the favorable conditions for the long-term improvement of the fundamentals of economic and social development remain unchanged. The central economic work conference put forward six tasks for 2013, including strengthening and improving macro-control and promoting sustained and healthy economic development, and stressed the need to continue to grasp the general tone of seeking progress while maintaining stability, adhere to expanding domestic demand, do a good job in "agriculture, rural areas and farmers", promote the integrated development of urban and rural areas, implement the national innovation strategy, intensify structural adjustment, focus on ensuring and improving people's livelihood, and give play to the key role of investment in economic growth, Comprehensively deepen reform and raise the level of an open economy

it is estimated that in 2013, the domestic consumer market will maintain a steady growth, the market demand for energy and major bulk chemical products will accelerate, the technological transformation and upgrading of traditional industries and the investment in strategic emerging industries will continue to increase, and the investment in the whole industry will still maintain a rapid growth. Overall, in 2013, the economic operation of the petroleum and chemical industry will remain stable on the whole, and the recovery momentum will be further consolidated. There is still downward pressure in the first half of the year, and the second half of the year will be "stable and getting better"

III. key work in 2013

the management of the petrochemical and chemical industry in 2013 should fully implement the spirit of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China and the central economic work conference, take the scientific concept of development as the guidance, change the mode of economic development as the main line, and guide the industry to drive innovation, adjust structure, save energy and reduce emissions, eliminate backwardness, resolve overcapacity, and do a good job in the source management and system construction of chemicals through planning, policies, standards and other measures, Improve the quality and efficiency of economic operation, promote the transformation and upgrading of the industry, and promote the green, low-carbon and all-round sustainable development of the petrochemical industry

(I) strengthen planning guidance and do a good job in technical transformation. We will continue to implement the 12th Five Year Plan for the development of petrochemical and chemical industries and begin to carry out the mid-term evaluation of the plan. According to the industry development plan of the 12th Five Year Plan and the changes in the new situation, research and formulate the key points, directions and fields of enterprise technological transformation, encourage enterprises to implement technological transformation in the aspects of quality improvement, scientific and technological innovation, energy conservation and emission reduction, production safety and the integration of industrialization and industrialization, and resolve a batch of excess energy

(II) promote system construction and strengthen industry access management. To promote the implementation of the GHS, which requires frequent replacement of samples, and improve the hazard publicity system for chemicals. Carry out the construction of green tire identification system, and improve the management level and product grade of the tire industry. Further implement the chromium compound production and construction license management system, strengthen the management in advance and during the process, and prevent and control chromium residue pollution from the source. We will improve the pesticide production license management system, increase the concentration of the pesticide industry, and further increase the proportion of high-efficiency, low toxicity and low residue pesticides. Standardize the construction conditions of chemical industry parks and enhance the main role of chemical industry parks in promoting the agglomeration, intensive and environment-friendly development of chemical industry

(III) do a good job in the prevention and control of air pollution and promote the sustainable development of the industry. We will strengthen the formulation and revision of industry standards, standardize enterprise behavior through market access standards, improve access standards for product quality, technology, energy consumption and environmental protection, standardize enterprise investment and business behavior, and eliminate a number of backward production capacity. In accordance with the overall arrangement of the national air pollution prevention and control work, we will strengthen industry access, promote cleaner production processes, strengthen source and process management, reduce "three wastes" and carbon dioxide emissions, actively advocate and promote care, and promote the green and low-carbon development of the industry

(IV) strengthen agrochemical security to ensure the supply of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. We will strengthen the monitoring of the production and operation of the chemical fertilizer and pesticide industries, stabilize production and ensure supply in combination with the actual situation of agricultural production. " Actively help enterprises implement the external conditions required for production and operation. Actively study the fertilizer reserve system, improve the reserve structure, and promote the establishment of a reserve mechanism dominated by production enterprises. Accelerate the implementation of access conditions for synthetic ammonia and ammonium phosphate industries, resolve the contradiction of overcapacity, and promote the healthy development of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer industries

(V) implement the strategy of scientific and technological innovation and promote the development of new chemical materials. Formulate and issue guidance on promoting the healthy development of carbon fiber industry, fluorine chemical industry policy and relevant policies to support the development of membrane materials. Through policy support and guidance, we will promote a number of new chemical material enterprises to further improve product quality and grade and enhance international competitiveness

(VI) strengthen investigation and research to improve the quality of industrial economic operation. Closely cooperate with industry associations, actively monitor the operation of the industry, timely find and solve problems in the economic operation of the industry, and improve the operation quality and efficiency. We should strive to maintain fair trade, create a favorable market environment and import and export environment, and absorb a batch of excess capacity by expanding domestic demand. 1 we must pay attention to improving our ability to guarantee resources. Strengthen the investigation and research of titanium dioxide, chemical industry park, tire identification, new chemical materials and other industries

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